Nano-Enabled Materials for Water Treatment
Water and wastewater treatment ideology is moving toward reclaiming contaminants and waste products as a valuable resource rather than simply something that requires removal. Because of the ubiquitous nature of the nitrogen cycle (e.g., fertilizer), many problematic compounds found in drinking water sources, wastewater, and air are nitrogen based including nitrate, nitrous oxide, and urea. Typically, these compounds are converted into dinitrogen, an innocuous by-product, but there exists a need to develop new methods for creating valuable nitrogen by-products. As such, the objective of this research area is to develop a fundamental understanding of the conversion of select nitrogenous contaminants and use those outcomes to design new materials.
Molecular-Scale Behavior of Nanomaterials in the Environment
Engineered nanomaterials (ENM) are becoming commonplace in consumer products and they will be released into the environment at some point in their life cycle. Understanding the transport behavior is essential to determining ENM risk to the environmental and human health.